Corporate and Staff Publications

Abell JM, Hamilton DP, McBride CG (2016) Comment on “Using groundwater age and hydrochemistry to understand sources and dynamics of nutrient contamination through the catchment into Lake Rotorua, New Zealand” by Morgenstern et al. (2015). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Sci. 20: 2395–2401.

Abell JM, Hamilton DP (2015) Biogeochemical processes and phytoplankton nutrient limitation in the inflow transition zone of a large eutrophic lake during a summer rain event. Ecohydrology. 8: 243–262.

Abell JM, Hamilton DP (2013) Bioavailability of phosphorus transported during storm flow to a eutrophic, polymictic lake. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 47, 481–489.

Abell JM, Hamilton DP, Rutherford JC (2013) Quantifying spatial and temporal variations in sediment, nitrogen and phosphorus transport to a large eutrophic lake. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 15, 1137–1152.

Abell JM, Özkundakci D, Hamilton DP, Jones JR (2012) Latitudinal variation in nutrient stoichiometry and chlorophyll–nutrient relationships in lakes: A global study. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 181, 1–14.

Abell, JM, Hamilton DP, Paterson J (2012) Reducing the external environmental costs of pastoral farming in New Zealand: Experiences from the Te Arawa lakes, Rotorua, Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 18: 139–154.

Abell JM, Özkundakci D, Hamilton DP, Miller SD (2011) Relationships between land use and nitrogen and phosphorus in New Zealand lakes. Marine and Freshwater Research, 62, 162–175.

Abell JM, Özkundakci D, Hamilton DP (2010) Nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of phytoplankton growth in New Zealand lakes: Implications for eutrophication control. Ecosystems, 13, 966–977.

Akaoka, K., I.G. McKendry, J. Saxton, and P. Cottle. 2016. Impact of coal-carrying trains on particulate matter concentrations in South Delta, British Columbia, Canada. Environmental Pollution, 223, p. 376-383.

Baki, A.B.M., D.Z. Zhu, A. Harwood, A. Lewis, and K. Healey.  2017.  Rock-weir fishway I: flow regimes and hydraulic characteristics.  Journal of Ecohydraulics, 2(2), 122-141.

Baki, A.B.M., D.Z. Zhu, A. Harwood, A. Lewis, and K. Healey.  2017.  Rock-weir fishway II:  design evaluation and considerations.  Journal of Ecohydraulics 2(2), 142-152.  

Bothwell, M.L., D.R. Lynch, H. Wright, and J. Deniseger. 2009. On the Boots of Fishermen: The History of Didymo Blooms on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Fisheries, Vol. 34 No. 8, 382:388.

Brock, C.S., P.R. Leavitt, D.E. Schindler, S.P. Johnson, J.W. Moore, and P.D. Quay 2006. Spatial variability of stable isotopes and fossil pigments in surface sediments of Alaskan coastal lakes: constraints on quantitative estimates of past salmon abundance. Limnology and Oceanography 51: 1637-1647.

Christie, K.S., Hocking, M.D., and Reimchen, T.E. 2008. Tracing salmon nutrients in riparian food webs: isotopic evidence in a ground-foraging passerine. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86: 1317-1323.

Clarke A.D., Lewis A., Telmer K.H., Shrimpton J.M. 2007. Life history and age at maturity of an anadromous smelt, the eulachon Thaleicthys pacificus. Journal of Fish Biology 71, 1479-1493.

Darimont, C.T., H.M. Bryan, S.M. Carlson, M.D. Hocking, M. MacDuffee, P.C. Paquet, M.H.H. Price, T.E. Reimchen, J.D. Reynolds, and C.C. Wilmers. 2010. Salmon for terrestrial protected areas. Conservation Letters 3: 379-389.

Davy-Bowker, J., W. Sweeting, N. Wright, R.T. Clark, and A. Arnott. 2006. The distribution of benthic and hyporheic macroinvertebrates from the heads and tail of riffles. Hydrobiologia, 563(1), 109-124.

Farwell, A.J., V. Nero, K. Ganshorn, C. Leonhardt, J. Ciborowski, M. MacKinnon, and D.G. Dixon. 2009. The use of stable isotopes (13C/12C and 15N/14N) to trace exposure to oil sands processed material in the Alberta Oil Sands Region. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 72: 385-396.

Faulkner, S.G., W.M. Tonn, M. Welz, and D.R. Schmitt. 2006. Effects of explosives on incubating lake trout eggs in the Canadian Arctic. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26: 833-842.

Faulkner, S.G., W.M. Tonn, M. Welz, and D.R. Schmitt. 2008. Effects of simulated blasting on mortality of rainbow trout eggs. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137: 1-12.

Flint, P. L., J. A. Reed, D. L. Lacroix and R. B. Lanctot. 2016. Habitat use and foraging patterns of molting male long-tailed ducks in lagoons of the Central Beaufort Sea, Alaska. Arctic. 69(1): 19-28.

Ford, B.S.; P.S. Higgins, A.F Lewis; K.L. Cooper, T.A. Watson, C.M. Gee, G.L. Ennis, and R.L. Sweeting. 1995. Literature reviews of the life history, habitat requirements and mitigation/compensation strategies for thirteen sport fish species in the Peace, Liard and Columbia River drainages of British Columbia. Canada. Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. Pacific Region. DFO Manuscript report 2321.

Ganshorn, K.D. 2002. Secondary production, trophic position, and potential for accumulation of polycyclic aromatic compounds in predatory diptera in four wetlands of the Athabasca oil sands, Alberta, Canada. MSc thesis, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario.

Gibbs, M., J. Abell and D. Hamilton (2016) Wind forced circulation and sediment disturbance in a temperate lake. NZ Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 50: 209–227.

Girard, I.L., J.W.A. Grant, and S.O. Steingrimsson. 2004. Foraging, growth and loss rate of young-of-the-year Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in relation to habitat use in Catamaran Brook, New Brunswick. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci., 61:2339-2349.

Grant, James W., I. L. Girard, C. Breau, and L.K. Weir. 2000. “Influence of food abundance on competitive aggression in juvenile convict cichlids.” Animal Behaviour, 63: 323-330.

Harrison, M. L., N. A. Mahony, P. Robinson, A. Newbury, and D. J. Green. 2010. Vesper sparrows and western meadowlarks show a mixed response to cattle grazing in the intermountain region of British Columbia. Avian Conservation and Ecology 5(1): 1. [online] URL:

Harwood, A., I. Girard, S. Johnson, A. Locke, and T. Hatfield. 2014. Environmental Flow Needs, Approaches, Successes and Challenges – Summary Report. Prepared for the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment by Ecofish Research Ltd. July 25, 2014.

Harwood et al. 2003. Does dominance status correlate with growth in wild stream-dwelling Atlantic salmon. Behav. Ecol. 14, 902-908.

Harwood et al. 2003. Prior residency and dominance: their relative influence on territory acquisition. Anim. Behav. 65, 1141-1149.

Harwood et al. 2002. Intra- and inter-specific competition for winter concealment habitat in juvenile salmonids. CJFAS 59, 1515-1523.

Harwood et al. 2002. Sympatric association influences within-species dominance relations among juvenile Atlantic salmon and brown trout. Anim. Behav. 64, 85-95.

Harwood et al. 2001. Spatial and temporal effects of interspecific competition between Atlantic salmon and brown trout in winter. CJFAS 58, 1133-1140.

Hatfield, T. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry and reproductive isolation between two sticklebacks. Environmental Biology of Fishes 49: 63–69.

Hatfield, T. 1997. Genetic divergence in adaptive characters between sympatric species of stickleback. The American Naturalist 149: 1009–1029.

Hatfield, T. 2001. Status of the stickleback species pair, Gasterosteus spp., in Hadley Lake, Lasqueti Island, British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115: 579–583.

Hatfield, T. 2001. Status of the stickleback species pair, Gasterosteus spp., in the Vananda Creek watershed of Texada Island, British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115: 584–590.

Hatfield, T. 2009. Identification of critical habitat for sympatric Stickleback species pairs and the Misty Lake parapatric stickleback species pair. DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2009/056.

Hatfield, T., and A.J. Paul. 2015. A comparison of desktop hydrologic methods for determining environmental flows. Canadian Water Resources Journal 40: 303-318.

Hatfield, T., and D. Schluter. 1996. A test for sexual selection on hybrids of two sympatric sticklebacks. Evolution 50: 2429–2434.

Hatfield, T., and D. Schluter. 1999. Ecological speciation in sticklebacks: environment-dependent hybrid fitness. Evolution 53: 866–873.

Hatfield, T., and J. Bruce. 2000. Predicting salmonid habitat-flow relationships for streams from western North America. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20: 1005–1015.

Hatfield, T., and J. Ptolemy. 2001. Status of the stickleback species pair, Gasterosteus spp., in Paxton Lake, Texada Island, British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115: 591–596.

Hatfield, T., A.F. Lewis, and S. Babakaiff. 2007. Guidelines for the collection and analysis of fish and fish habitat data for the purpose of assessing impacts from small hydropower projects in British Columbia. Prepared by Solander Ecological Research Ltd. and Ecofish Research Ltd. for the BC Ministry of Environment, Surrey BC.

Hatfield, T., N. Barton, and J. B. Searle. 1992. A model of a hybrid zone between two chromosomal races of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Evolution 46: 1129–1145.

Hayashi, M., G. Goeller, W.L. Quinton, and N. Wright. 2007. A simple heat-conduction method for simulating the frost-table depth in hydrological models. Hydrological Processes, 21: 2610-2622.

Healey, K., A.H. Monahan, and D. Ianson: Perturbation dynamics of a planktonic ecosystem. 2009. Journal of Marine Research, Volume 67, Number 5, pp. 637-666.

Hocking, M.D., and J.D. Reynolds. 2011. Impacts of salmon on riparian plant diversity. Science 331: 1609-1612.

Hocking, M.D., and J.D. Reynolds. 2012. Nitrogen uptake by plants subsidized by Pacific salmon carcasses: a hierarchical experiment. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 908-917.

Hocking, M.D., and S.M. O’Regan. 2015. Carrion communities as indicators in fisheries, wildlife management and conservation. Chapter 22 In: Carrion ecology, evolution and their applications (M.E. Benbow, J. Tomberlin, and A. Tarone Eds.) (in press).

Hocking, M.D., and T.E. Reimchen. 2002. Salmon-derived nitrogen in terrestrial invertebrates from coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. Biomedcentral Ecology 2:4.

Hocking, M.D., and T.E. Reimchen. 2006. Consumption and distribution of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) nutrients and energy by terrestrial flies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 2076-2086.

Hocking, M.D., and T.E. Reimchen. 2009. Salmon species, density and watershed size predicts the magnitude of marine enrichment to riparian food webs. Oikos 118: 1307-1318.

Hocking, M.D., R.A. Ring, and T.E. Reimchen. 2006. Burying beetle Nicrophorus investigator reproduction on Pacific salmon carcasses. Ecological Entomology 31: 5-12.

Hocking, M.D., R.A. Ring, and T.E. Reimchen. 2009. The ecology of terrestrial invertebrates on Pacific salmon carcasses. Ecological Research 24: 1091-1100.

Hocking, M.D., C.T. Darimont, K.S. Christie, and T.E. Reimchen. 2007. Niche variation in burying beetles associated with marine and terrestrial carrion. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85: 437-442.

Hocking, M.D., N.K. Dulvy, J.D Reynolds, R.A. Ring, and T.E. Reimchen. 2013. Salmon subsidize an escape from a size spectrum. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – Biological Sciences 280: 20122433.

Hurteau, L.A., Reynolds, J.D. Mooers, A.O. and Hocking, M.D. 2016. Salmon nutrients are associated with the phylogenetic dispersion of riparian flowering-plant assemblages. Ecology 97: 450-460.

Johnson S.P. and D.E. Schindler.2012. Marine trophic diversity in an anadromous fish is linked to its life history diversity in fresh water. Biology Letters 9:1, 20120824-20120824.

Johnson S.P. and D.E. Schindler 2012. Four decades of foraging history: Stock-specific variation in the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures of Alaskan sockeye salmon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 460: 155-167.

Johnson, S.P. and D.E. Schindler 2009. Trophic ecology of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the ocean: a synthesis of stable isotope research. Ecological Research 24(4): 855-863.

Johnson, S.P., S.M. Carlson, and T.P. Quinn 2006. Tooth size and skin thickness in mature sockeye salmon: evidence for habitat constraints and variable investment between the sexes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 15:331-338.

Lacroix, D.L., R.B. Lanctot, J.A. Reed, and T.L. McDonald. 2003. Effect of underwater seismic surveys on molting male Long-tailed Ducks in the Beaufort Sea, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81(11): 1862-1875.

Lacroix, D.L., S. Boyd, D. Esler, M. Kirk, T. Lewis, and S. Lipovsky. 2005. Surf Scoters Melanitta perspicillata aggregate in association with ephemerally abundant polychaetes. Marine Ornithology 33(1): 61-63.

Lagasse, C., L. Honka, W. Ou, W. Atlas, C.N. Hutton, J. Kotaska, and M.D. Hocking. 2014. Design considerations for community-based stream monitoring to detect changes in Pacific salmon habitats. Ecology and Society 19(4): 19.

Lewis, A., T. Hatfield, B. Chilibeck, and C. Robert. 2003. Assessment methods for fish, fish habitat and instream flow characteristics in support of applications to dam, divert, or extract water from streams in British Columbia. Prepared for Ministry of Water, Land & Air Protection and Ministry of Sustainable Resource Development.

Lewis, A.F.J., and A.C. Mitchell. 1995. Effectiveness of water release as mitigation for hydroelectric impacts to fish. J. Energy Engineering. 121(2): 81-88.

Lewis, F.J.A., A.J. Harwood, C. Zyla, K.D. Ganshorn, and T. Hatfield. 2013. Long term Aquatic Monitoring Protocols for New and Upgraded Hydroelectric Projects. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/166. ix + 88p.

Marriner, B.A., A.B.M Baki, D.Z. Zhu. J.D. Thiem, J.S. Cooke, and C. Katopodis. 2014. Field and numerical assessment of turning pool hydraulics in a vertical slot fishway. Ecological Engineering, Elsevier, 63, 88-101.

Marriner, B.A., A.B.M Baki, D.Z. Zhu. J.D. Thiem, J.S. Cooke, and C. Katopodis. 2015. The hydraulics of a vertical slot fishway: a case study on the multi-species passing Vianney-Legendre fishway in Quebec, Canada. Submitted Ecological Engineering, Elsevier, (accepted).

Mathewson, D.D., M.D. Hocking, and T.E. Reimchen. 2003. Nitrogen uptake in riparian plant communities across a sharp ecological boundary of salmon density. Biomedcentral Ecology 3:4.

Me W, Abell JM, Hamilton DP (2015) Effects of hydrologic conditions on SWAT model performance and parameter sensitivity for a small, mixed land use catchment in New Zealand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 19: 4127-4147.

Nelson, M.C., M.D. Hocking, J.D. Harding, J.M.S. Harding, and J.D. Reynolds. 2015. Quantifying the effects of stream habitat on the abundance of breeding Pacific salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (accepted).

Peryer–Fursdon J, Abell JM, Clarke D, Özkundakci D, Hamilton DP, Pearson L (2015). Spatial variability in sediment phosphorus characteristics along a hydrological gradient upstream of Lake Rotorua, New Zealand. Environmental Earth Sciences 73: 1573–1585.

Ptolemy, R., and A. Lewis. 2002. Rationale for Multiple British Columbia Instream Flow Standards to Maintain Ecosystem Function and Biodiversity. Prepared for Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection and Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management.

Quinn, T.P., T.R. Seamons, and S.P. Johnson 2012. Stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen indicate differences in marine ecology between wild and hatchery-produced steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:526-532.

Quinton, W., M. Hayashi, K. Blais, N. Wright, and A. Pietroniro. 2004. The Water Balance Of Wetland Dominated Permafrost Basins. International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) Red Book Series Special Issue for the U.S. National Science Foundation / Northern Research Basins, Workshop on Circumpolar Water Balance, Victoria, B.C., Canada, 15 19 March, 2004, pp. 186-194.

Rees, K., I. Girard, D. Walty, and D. Christiansen. 2012. Bull Trout Conservation Management Plan 2012 – 17. Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, Species at Risk Conservation Management Plan No. 8. Edmonton, AB, 90 p.

Regehr, H. and D. Lacroix. 2016. Unexpectedly high detections of Wolverine (Gulu Gulu) in southwestern British Columbia. Northwestern Naturalist 97:246-251.

Regehr, H.M. and Rodway, M.S. 2015. First nesting of Osprey on rock pinnacles in British Columbia. Wildlife Afield 12:82-84.

Regehr, H.M. 2011. Movement rates and distances of wintering Harlequin Ducks: implications for population structure. Waterbirds 34:19-31.

Regehr, H.M., M.S. Rodway, M.J.F. Lemon, and J.M. Hipfner. 2007. Recovery of the Ancient Murrelet colony on Langara Island, British Columbia, following eradication of invasive rats. Marine Ornithology 35:137-144.

Regehr, H.M. 2003. Survival and movement of post fledging juvenile Harlequin Ducks. Wilson Bulletin 115: 423-430.

Regehr, H.M., and M.S. Rodway. 2003. Evaluation of nasal discs and colored leg bands as markers for Harlequin Ducks. Journal of Field Ornithology 74: 129-135.

Regehr, H.M., C.M. Smith, B. Arquilla, and F. Cooke. 2001. Post-fledging broods of migratory Harlequin Ducks accompany females to wintering areas. Condor 103: 408-412.

Regehr, H.M., and M.S. Rodway. 1999. Seabird breeding performance during two years of delayed capelin arrival in the Northwest Atlantic: a multi-species comparison. Colonial Waterbirds 22:60-67.

Regehr, H.M., and W.A. Montevecchi. 1997. Interactive effects of food shortage and predation on breeding failure of Black-legged Kittiwakes: indirect effects of fisheries activities and implications for indicator species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 155: 249-260.

Regehr, H.M., M.S. Rodway, and W.A. Montevecchi. 1998. Anti-predator benefits of nest-site selection in Black-legged Kittiwakes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76:910-915.

Reimchen, T.E., D. Mathewson, M.D. Hocking, J. Moran, and D. Harris. 2003. Isotopic evidence for enrichment of salmon-derived nutrients in vegetation, soil, and insects in riparian zones in coastal British Columbia. American Fisheries Society Symposium 34: 59-69.

Rempel, L.L., K. Healey, and F.J.A. Lewis. 2012. Lower Fraser River juvenile fish habitat suitability criteria. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2991: ix + 73 p.

Richardson, J.S., E. Taylor, D. Schluter, M. Pearson, and T. Hatfield. 2010. Do riparian zones qualify as critical habitat for endangered freshwater fishes? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67: 1197–1204.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, W.S. Boyd, and S.A. Iverson. 2015. Age and Sex Ratios of Sea Ducks Wintering in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia: Implications for monitoring.  Marine Ornithology 43:141-150.

Rodway, M.S. and H.M. Regehr. 2014. Dispersal of a Red Squirrel across an alpine divide in southwestern British Columbia. Wildlife Afield 11:182-185.

Rodway, M.S. and H.M. Regehr. 2013. Current logging practices impact Coastal Tailed Frog populations in the Bridge River Valley, British Columbia. Wildlife Afield 10:26-38.

Rodway, M.S., and H.M. Regehr. 1999. Habitat selection and reproductive performance of food stressed Herring Gulls. Condor 101:566-576.

Rodway, M.S., and H.M. Regehr. 1999. Potential nesting density of Marbled Murrelets in valley bottom old-growth forest in Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia. Pacific Seabirds 26:3-7.

Rodway, M.S., and H.M. Regehr. 2000. Measuring Marbled Murrelet activity in valley bottom habitat: bias due to station placement. Journal of Field Ornithology 71:415-422.

Rodway, M.S., and H.M. Regehr. 2002. Inland activity and forest structural characteristics as indicators of Marbled Murrelet nesting habitat in Clayoquot Sound. Pp. 57-87 in A.E. Burger and T.A. Chatwin (eds.) Multi-scale studies of populations, distribution, and habitat associations of Marbled Murrelets in Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia, Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, Victoria, BC.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, and F. Cooke. 2003. Sex and age differences in distribution, abundance, and habitat preferences of wintering Harlequin Ducks: implications for conservation and estimating recruitment rates. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:492-503.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, and J.W. Chardine. 2003. Status of the largest colony of Atlantic Puffins in North America. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117: 70-75.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, and J-P.L. Savard. 1993. Activity levels of Marbled Murrelets in different inland habitats in the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:977-984.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, and J-P.L. Savard. 1993. Activity patterns of Marbled Murrelets in old-growth forest in the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Condor 95:831-848.

Rodway, M.S., H.M. Regehr, J. Ashley, P.V. Clarkson, R.I. Goudie, D.E. Hay, C.M. Smith, and K.G. Wright. 2003. Aggregative response of Harlequin Ducks to herring spawn in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:504-514.

Rosenfeld, J.S., and T. Hatfield. 2006. Information needs for assessing critical habitat of freshwater fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 63: 683–698.

Rosenfeld, J., J. Post, G. Robins, and T. Hatfield. 2007. Hydraulic geometry as a physical template for the River Continuum: application to optimal flows and longitudinal trends in salmonid habitat. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 64: 755–767.

Schaefer, V.H., and Hocking, M.D. 2015. Detecting the threshold between ornamental landscapes and functional ecological communities: soil microarthropods as indicator species. Urban Ecosystems 18: 1071-1080.

Schindler, D.E., P.R. Leavitt, S.P. Johnson, and C.S. Brock 2006. A 500-year context for the recent surge in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) abundance in the Alagnak River, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 1439-1444.

Schindler, D.E., P.R. Leavitt, C.S. Brock, S.P. Johnson, and P.D. Quay 2005. Marine- derived nutrients, commercial fisheries, and production of salmon and lake algae in Alaska. Ecology 86: 3225-3231.

Smith VH, Wood SA, McBride C, Atalah J, Hamilton DP, Abell JM (2016) Phosphorus and nitrogen loading restraints are essential for successful eutrophication control of Lake Rotorua, New Zealand. Inland Waters 6: 273–283.

Southcott, L., L. Nagel, T. Hatfield, and D. Schluter. 2013. Weak habitat isolation in a threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus spp.) species pair. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 466–476.

Swain, N.R., and J.D. Reynolds. 2015. Effects of Salmon-Derived Nutrients and Habitat Characteristics on Population Densities of Stream-Resident Sculpins. PloS one.

Swain, N.R., M.D. Hocking, J.N. Harding, and J.D. Reynolds. 2014. Effects of salmon on the diet and condition of stream-resident sculpins. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:521-532.

Vamosi, S.M., T. Hatfield, and D. Schluter. 2000. A test of ecological selection against young-of-the-year hybrids of sympatric sticklebacks. Journal of Fish Biology 57: 109–121.

van Dam-Bates, Paul, O. Gansell, and B. Robertson.  2018.  Using balanced acceptance sampling as a master sample for environmental surveys.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution 00: 1-9.  

Whitlock, M.C., P.K. Ingvarsson, and T. Hatfield. 2000. Local drift load and the heterosis of interconnected populations. Heredity 84: 452-457.

Wilkinson, C.E., M.D. Hocking, and T.E. Reimchen. 2005. Uptake of salmon-derived nitrogen by mosses and liverworts in Coastal British Columbia. Oikos 108: 85-98.

Winder, M., D.E. Schindler, J.W. Moore, S.P. Johnson, and W.J. Palen 2005. Do bears facilitate    transfer of salmon resources to aquatic macroinvertebrates? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62: 2285-2293.

Wood, C., D. Sneep, S. McAdam, J. Korman, and T. Hatfield. 2007. Recovery potential assessment for white sturgeon populations listed under the Species at Risk Act. DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2007/003.

Wright, N., M. Hayashi, and W.L. Quinton. 2009. Spatial and temporal variations in active-layer thawing and their implication on runoff generation in peat-covered permafrost terrain, Water Resources Research, 45, W05414, doi:10.1029/2008WR006880.

Wright, N., W.L. Quinton, and M. Hayashi. 2008. Hillslope runoff from an ice-cored peat plateau in a discontinuous permafrost basin, Northwest Territories, Canada. Hydrological Processes, 22: 2816-2828.

Žydelis, R., D. Esler, W. S. Boyd, D. Lacroix, and M. Kirk.  2006.  Habitat use by wintering surf and white-winged scoters: effects of environmental attributes and shellfish aquaculture.